Prevention and treatment of insomnia

Sleeping is a human need just like eating and drinking water. If you refuse to sleep at all or reduce its duration to a few hours, then in 4-5 days you will have serious health problems. Even replacing night sleep with day sleep for those who have to work around the clock is detrimental.

The lack of adequate sleep leads to endocrine disorders, diseases of the cardiovascular and digestive systems, nervous and mental illnesses. Therefore, health harms insomnia, or insomnia – a disorder in which the process of falling asleep or sleep itself is disturbed.

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Causes of insomnia

Insomnia is more common in women than in men. And in pregnant women, it occurs in 75% of cases. Women are prone to the disease during menopause, when hormonal changes cause a surge of thyroid activity in the evening and at night. This is accompanied by tachycardia, sweating, and inability to sleep. Insomnia has a large number of causes, some of which are related to a person’s lifestyle:

  1. sleep hygiene disorders – extraneous noise, bright lights, constant vibration or uncomfortable bed;
  2. stressful conditions – heavy psychotraumatic situations, unfamiliar surroundings for sleep, nervous overexertion;
  3. change of time zones, night work;
  4. mental illnesses – depression, anxiety disorders;
  5. psychoactive substances – alcohol abuse, smoking, large amounts of drinks with caffeine, medications from the group of nootropics, neuroleptics, antidepressants;
  6. pregnancy – insomnia is associated with changes in the nervous system, discomfort and difficulty breathing due to a large belly.

Disturbances of night sleep can be caused by somatic diseases. Insomnia is caused by digestive problems, heart and vascular disease, and an overactive thyroid gland. Pain and aching joints from arthritis or acute respiratory infections also keep you awake. In older age, insomnia is associated with age-related changes in the brain, the development of Parkinson’s disease, dementia and other neurological causes. But regardless of the factors that make a person unable to sleep, the problem requires treatment.

How to fall asleep quickly with insomnia

Scientists believe that healthy sleep is a reflex mechanism. If a person went to bed and in 15-20 minutes did not fall asleep, you should not lie in it further. Otherwise, this will lead to the formation of a new reflex: bed-insomnia. On your own, you can fight acute insomnia, which occurred for the first time. First you need to get rid of the factors that interfere with sleep. To do this, you need to turn off the TV or computer monitor, curtain the windows if the light of lanterns or the moon shines through the window.

It is bad to fall asleep in a stuffy and hot room. Therefore, if there is a question of how to fall asleep with insomnia, you need to open a window to ventilate, reduce the heat in the radiators. At this time, you can go for a leisurely walk in the fresh air. After returning home, drink a glass of warm milk, herbal tea. This is an old method that has proven to be effective for mild irregularities. If you want to buy special medications, visit